Location: Western Africa
Ethnic Groups: Black African 98.5%, *Akan 44%, *Moshi-Dagomba 16%, *Ewe 13%, *Ga 8%,*Gurma 3%, *Yoruba 1%, European and other 1.5%
Languages: English (official); African languages (Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, Ga and others)
Economy: Having many natural resources, Ghana has approximately twice the per capita output of poorer countries in West Africa. Despite this, it remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold, timber, and cocoa production are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy revolves around agriculture. (36% of GDP and employs 60% of the work force.)
Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing
Agriculture: cocoa, rice, coffee, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nut, bananas, timber
from the merger of the Togoland trust territory and the British colony
of the Gold Coast, Ghana became the first country in colonial Africa to
gain its independence in 1957. Its
current government is a constitutional democracy in which a president
and vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote. Their terms last for four years.
Ghana has one of the best-developed educational systems in West Africa. Ghana
offers its students 6 years of primary school, 3 years of junior high
school with both academic training combined with technical and
vocational training, and 3 years of a secondary school program. After this, students participate in entrance exams to the five universities located within the country. Education is mainly in English.
Avoid asking personal and direct questions during the first meeting with some students. Questions may be taken offensively. For example, asking questions like: 'Can you tell me about your family?' can be offensive because the student does not know you well.