• Searchable Terms - Language Arts
      If you are searching for a picture book to teach a specific language arts concept, the SCASD elementary librarians have created a way for you to easily find one.  Five or more titles have been identified as great choices for each of the concepts defined below. 
      To locate these books, please follow these directions:
      • Go to your school's catalog web page 
      • Broaden your search by setting the location to Elementary Schools (please see the screen capture below) rather than narrowing the search to just your specific building.

                                                  Image of Library Catalog Search Screen

      • In the Find box, type in the letters ELA followed by the specific searchable term from the list below, for example:  ELA Adjectives -- the ELA makes the search work much more specifically for you
      • Click on the Keyword search button
      • Review the list of suggested titles from all of the elementary schools in the district
      • Check out the book or books that you think will work best for your lesson -- remember, you may borrow books from other school libraries by using the Hold option (please check with your library's staff for help with this, as needed) OR
      • Click here for directions on how to request a book from another library.

      The following language arts terms are searchable -- for best results, please use each term as it specifically appears below (for example, use the plural version of the term as noted below rather than the singular version).  A definition of each term is provided for your convenience.

      If you have any suggestions of additional titles that are great to use when teaching any of these concepts, please feel free to let your librarian know so it could be added to the list. Your suggestions are welcomed and appreciated.
      Adjectives - describe a noun or pronoun
      Adverbs - a part of speech that modifies a verb, adverb, or adjective
      Affix - a prefix or suffix
      Alliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words
      Allusions - an implied or indirect reference to a familiar book, person, place, or event
      Ambiguity - unclear or uncertain word or expression meaning
      Anagrams - a word, phrase, or sentence formed from another by rearranging its letters
      Analogy - finding the similarity between two things
      Antonyms - a word that is the opposite in meaning to another word
      Aphorisms - an original thought, spoken or written in a concise and memorable form
      Appositive - two adjacent nouns have the same referent stand next to one another (“My father, Ned”)
      Atmosphere - prevailing tone or mood
      Autobiography - the story of a person’s life written by him or her
      Building Community - texts that support the social dimension of a classroom literacy community
      Captions - explanation of a picture or illustration
      Caricature - a description exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things
      Cause and Effect - cause statements stem from actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the action or event
      Characterization - description of character and traits
      Charts - a graphic representation of information
      Close Reading - ritual of rereading and examining text through various lenses for deeper understanding
      Compound Words - a word composed of two or more smaller words
      Conclusions - the ending of a story or the summarizing of ideas
      Conflict (sometimes referred to as Tension) - a struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions
      Context Clues - information from the reading that identifies a word or group of words
      Circle Story - stories that begin and end in the same place
      Cutaways (sometimes referred to as Cross Sections) - an illustration that reveals interior components or structure
      Descriptive Language - allows the reader to picture the scene or setting in which the action of a story takes place
      Dialect - a special variety of language
      Dialogue - conversation between people
      Exaggeration - to make a overstatement or stretch the truth
      Figurative Language - language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling
      Flashback - a device used in literature to present action that has occurred before the beginning of the story
      Fluency - books that support rate, expression and prosody
      Foreshadowing - a device used in literature to create expectation or to setup an explanation of later developments
      Glossary - a list at the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the text
      Homonyms - a word of the same written form as another but of different meaning
      Homophones - two or more words pronounced alike, but different in spelling or meaning
      How To - modeling how to create or do various crafts and skills
      Hyperboles - an exaggeration or overstatement
      Idioms - an expression with special meaning that cannot be understood from the meaning of the individual words in the phrase
      Imagery - figurative description
      Index - alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussed
      Inferencing (sometimes referred to as Drawing Conclusions) - a judgment based on reasoning rather than on a direct or explicit statement
      Informational Writing - nonfiction work, primarily to convey factual information
      Irony - the use of a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or usual meaning
      Main Idea - the author’s central thought; the chief topic of a text, expressed or implied in a word or phrase
      Maps - the insertion of one or more maps in a text
      Metacognition - awareness of one’s own thinking and learning processes
      Metaphors - expresses an idea through the image of another object
      Mood - the prevailing emotions of a work
      Narrator - the person who relates a story or account
      Narrative - text which conveys a story or which relates events or dialogue
      Nouns - a person, place, thing, or quantity
      Onomatopoeia - the use of words whose sounds express or suggest their meaning
      Oxymorons - combines contradictory terms
      Paradox - an opinion or statement contrary to commonly accepted opinion
      Parallel Stories - two or more stories which take place simultaneously that are told in one
      Parody - a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
      Personal Narrative - a first-person story describing something that happened to the narrator
      Personification - an object or abstract idea given human qualities or forms
      Persuasive - defends a position, opinion, or issue
      Phonemic Awareness - the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds-phonemes--in spoken words
      Plot - the structure of a story, the sequence in which the author arranges events in a story
      Point of View - the way in which an author reveals characters, events, and ideas in telling a story
      Pourquoi - a folk tale that explains how or why something came to exist
      Predicting - to foretell what will happen
      Prefix - a unit of letters attached to the beginning of a root word to change its meaning
      Prepositions - a class of words that are used before nouns or pronouns to form phrases functioning as modifiers of verbs, nouns, or adjectives, that typically express a spatial, temporal, or other relationship
      Pronouns - a word that takes the place of a noun
      Puns - a play on words   
      Punctuation - the practice or system of using certain conventional marks or characters in writing or printing in order to separate elements and make the meaning clear     
      Rhyme - words having similar ending sounds
      Satire - using ridicule or making fun of human vice or weakness
      Schema (sometimes referred to as background knowledge) - organized knowledge accessed during reading
      Setting - the description of the surroundings or environment of a specific place
      Similes - a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (“like” or “as”) is used
      Sequencing (referring to the concepts of: Beginning/Middle/End) - the successive order of two or more things
      Solutions - explanations, answers, resolutions
      Stereotypes - something that is assumed about a group of people, but isn't always true
      Strong Endings - makes the story feel complete; pulls all the elements of the story together in a powerful way
      Strong Leads - opening sentences which grab the reader
      Superlatives - exaggerated in language or style; the highest degree of comparison between adjectives or adverbs
      Suffixes - a syllable or group of syllables fixed to the end of a word to modify its meaning
      Symbolism - a device in literature where an object represents an idea
      Synonyms - one of two or more words that have highly similar meanings
      Table of Contents - a list of articles or chapters and the page on which they start
      Theme - a topic of discussion or writing; a major broad enough to cover the entire scope of the literary work
      Tone - the attitude of the author toward the audience and characters
      Transition - a word, phrase, or sentence that is used to create coherence in writing by showing the relationships of ideas between sentences and/or paragraphs
      Understatement - representing something as less than it is
      Verbs - words that express action or relation between two things
      Visualizing - seeing something in your mind
      Voice - writing words in a way that portrays personality
      Wordless - contains illustrations but no text


    Last Modified on August 21, 2018
    ELA Terms 

    To view a complete list of searchable ELA terms, click here
Last Modified on February 15, 2017