Last Modified on August 21, 2018ELA TermsTo view a complete list of searchable ELA terms, click here.
Searchable Terms - Language ArtsIf you are searching for a picture book to teach a specific language arts concept, the SCASD elementary librarians have created a way for you to easily find one. Five or more titles have been identified as great choices for each of the concepts defined below.To locate these books, please follow these directions:
- Go to your school's catalog web page
- Broaden your search by setting the location to Elementary Schools (please see the screen capture below) rather than narrowing the search to just your specific building.
- In the Find box, type in the letters ELA followed by the specific searchable term from the list below, for example: ELA Adjectives -- the ELA makes the search work much more specifically for you
- Click on the Keyword search button
- Review the list of suggested titles from all of the elementary schools in the district
- Check out the book or books that you think will work best for your lesson -- remember, you may borrow books from other school libraries by using the Hold option (please check with your library's staff for help with this, as needed) OR
- Click here for directions on how to request a book from another library.
The following language arts terms are searchable -- for best results, please use each term as it specifically appears below (for example, use the plural version of the term as noted below rather than the singular version). A definition of each term is provided for your convenience.If you have any suggestions of additional titles that are great to use when teaching any of these concepts, please feel free to let your librarian know so it could be added to the list. Your suggestions are welcomed and appreciated.Adjectives - describe a noun or pronounAdverbs - a part of speech that modifies a verb, adverb, or adjectiveAffix - a prefix or suffixAlliteration - the repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring wordsAllusions - an implied or indirect reference to a familiar book, person, place, or eventAmbiguity - unclear or uncertain word or expression meaningAnagrams - a word, phrase, or sentence formed from another by rearranging its lettersAnalogy - finding the similarity between two thingsAntonyms - a word that is the opposite in meaning to another wordAphorisms - an original thought, spoken or written in a concise and memorable formAppositive - two adjacent nouns have the same referent stand next to one another (“My father, Ned”)Atmosphere - prevailing tone or moodAutobiography - the story of a person’s life written by him or herBuilding Community - texts that support the social dimension of a classroom literacy communityCaptions - explanation of a picture or illustrationCaricature - a description exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or thingsCause and Effect - cause statements stem from actions and events, and effects are what happen as a result of the action or eventCharacterization - description of character and traitsCharts - a graphic representation of informationClose Reading - ritual of rereading and examining text through various lenses for deeper understandingCompound Words - a word composed of two or more smaller wordsConclusions - the ending of a story or the summarizing of ideasConflict (sometimes referred to as Tension) - a struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotionsContext Clues - information from the reading that identifies a word or group of wordsCircle Story - stories that begin and end in the same placeCutaways (sometimes referred to as Cross Sections) - an illustration that reveals interior components or structureDescriptive Language - allows the reader to picture the scene or setting in which the action of a story takes placeDialect - a special variety of languageDialogue - conversation between peopleExaggeration - to make a overstatement or stretch the truthFigurative Language - language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feelingFlashback - a device used in literature to present action that has occurred before the beginning of the storyFluency - books that support rate, expression and prosodyForeshadowing - a device used in literature to create expectation or to setup an explanation of later developmentsGlossary - a list at the back of a book, explaining or defining difficult or unusual words and expressions used in the textHomonyms - a word of the same written form as another but of different meaningHomophones - two or more words pronounced alike, but different in spelling or meaningHow To - modeling how to create or do various crafts and skillsHyperboles - an exaggeration or overstatementIdioms - an expression with special meaning that cannot be understood from the meaning of the individual words in the phraseImagery - figurative descriptionIndex - alphabetical listing of names, places, and topics along with the numbers of the pages on which they are mentioned or discussedInferencing (sometimes referred to as Drawing Conclusions) - a judgment based on reasoning rather than on a direct or explicit statementInformational Writing - nonfiction work, primarily to convey factual informationIrony - the use of a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or usual meaningMain Idea - the author’s central thought; the chief topic of a text, expressed or implied in a word or phraseMaps - the insertion of one or more maps in a textMetacognition - awareness of one’s own thinking and learning processesMetaphors - expresses an idea through the image of another objectMood - the prevailing emotions of a workNarrator - the person who relates a story or accountNarrative - text which conveys a story or which relates events or dialogueNouns - a person, place, thing, or quantityOnomatopoeia - the use of words whose sounds express or suggest their meaningOxymorons - combines contradictory termsParadox - an opinion or statement contrary to commonly accepted opinionParallel Stories - two or more stories which take place simultaneously that are told in oneParody - a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writingPersonal Narrative - a first-person story describing something that happened to the narratorPersonification - an object or abstract idea given human qualities or formsPersuasive - defends a position, opinion, or issuePhonemic Awareness - the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds-phonemes--in spoken wordsPlot - the structure of a story, the sequence in which the author arranges events in a storyPoint of View - the way in which an author reveals characters, events, and ideas in telling a storyPourquoi - a folk tale that explains how or why something came to existPredicting - to foretell what will happenPrefix - a unit of letters attached to the beginning of a root word to change its meaningPrepositions - a class of words that are used before nouns or pronouns to form phrases functioning as modifiers of verbs, nouns, or adjectives, that typically express a spatial, temporal, or other relationshipPronouns - a word that takes the place of a nounPuns - a play on wordsPunctuation - the practice or system of using certain conventional marks or characters in writing or printing in order to separate elements and make the meaning clearRhyme - words having similar ending soundsSatire - using ridicule or making fun of human vice or weaknessSchema (sometimes referred to as background knowledge) - organized knowledge accessed during readingSetting - the description of the surroundings or environment of a specific placeSimiles - a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (“like” or “as”) is usedSequencing (referring to the concepts of: Beginning/Middle/End) - the successive order of two or more thingsSolutions - explanations, answers, resolutionsStereotypes - something that is assumed about a group of people, but isn't always trueStrong Endings - makes the story feel complete; pulls all the elements of the story together in a powerful wayStrong Leads - opening sentences which grab the readerSuperlatives - exaggerated in language or style; the highest degree of comparison between adjectives or adverbsSuffixes - a syllable or group of syllables fixed to the end of a word to modify its meaningSymbolism - a device in literature where an object represents an ideaSynonyms - one of two or more words that have highly similar meaningsTable of Contents - a list of articles or chapters and the page on which they startTheme - a topic of discussion or writing; a major broad enough to cover the entire scope of the literary workTone - the attitude of the author toward the audience and charactersTransition - a word, phrase, or sentence that is used to create coherence in writing by showing the relationships of ideas between sentences and/or paragraphsUnderstatement - representing something as less than it isVerbs - words that express action or relation between two thingsVisualizing - seeing something in your mindVoice - writing words in a way that portrays personalityWordless - contains illustrations but no text