RSPNReading Strategies People NeedRSPN Explained:#10: Word HuntingWhile reading, we frequently come across words that we don't know. That's Word Hunting! You need to use context clues, word mapping, and signal words to help identify the meaning of the unknown word.#9: Monitoring and CorrectingIt is important to monitor your comprehension while reading. Consider using the C2 (click or clunk) method we discussed in class. If you are "clicking" you are comprehending and are able to summarize what you read. If you "clunk" or have trouble with comprehension or a challenging part of the text, you need to stop and correct. Rereading or reading on to find out more information are two good ways to correct your clunking. Purposefully using some of the other comprehension strategies can also potentially remedy the clunk.#8: PredictingBefore you begin reading, you should make an educated guess about what the text is going to be about. Using the cover, titles, subtitles, pictures, graphics and table of contents are all useful in order to make solid predictions. While reading, you should either confirm or revise your predictions. Background knowledge is essential for making predictions.#7 Wondering About It / Asking QuestionsWhile reading, you should be paying attention to your metacognitive voice. It is important to constantly wonder about things while reading. Asking questions on various levels will help deepen your understanding, establish thought-provoking concepts, and help guide you in your search for the answer. If we don't wonder about things, our learning lacks.#6 Making ConnectionsIdentifying with the text is essential. You need to find commonalities from text-to-text, text-to-self, and text-to-world. But it isn't enough to just make the connections. Good readers then take those connections back to the text to see how they can deepen their understanding of the text.#5 VisualizingGood readers have a mental image in their mind while they read. They can actually see the characters or what is being described while reading the words on the page. Your job as a reader is to focus on creating a movie in your mind about the subject. For instance, while reading your science textbook on chemistry, consider thinking about what the chemical reaction would look like. Visualizing is often what makes reading fun!#4 Maintaining and Adjusting FluencyThe bottom line is that reading should sound like speaking. When people talk, they change their intonation and inflection depending on what is said or read. It heightens listener (and reader) comprehension. As a reader, you need to know when to slow down and when to speed up your pace, when to raise your voice or lower it. The meaning the author is trying to convey should guide you in your fluency. Specifically, when you are focusing on improving your fluency, you should think about:
- reading accurately
- recognizing when to pause and the length of the pause based on punctuation and phrasing
- using appropriate pitch and intonation
- maintaining and adjusting your speed
Good readers summarize while they read or when they are finished reading. When you summarize phrases, sentences, paragraphs, chapters, or entire texts, you deepen your comprehension of the text. Determining what are the most important ideas or events and briefly communicating about them is the key to successful summarizing. Using the 5 W’s is one technique that can help a reader summarize. Keep in mind that summaries do not include your opinions or reactions to the text.#2 Critiquing or Judging ItWhen using this strategy, you need to discover the important information from the text and your opinion. You should be questioning the author, the text's purpose, the characters, the validity of the text, and discovering any biases. This is your opportunity to evaluate the source. Remember, if you include your opinion, you must back up or justify your opinions.#1 InferringDetails from the Text + Your Background Knowledge = Inference/Drawing Conclusions/Making Generalizations#+1 Synthesizing (Merge and Manufacture)You synthesize on a daily basis! Synthesizing is when you take what you already know and merge it with new information/reading to create something new or change our viewpoint. The graphic below will help you understand synthesizing.