English as a Second Language Objectives- All Levels
All ESL students are expected to meet the following objectives this year in ESL classes. Some objectives are cultural, while others are academic, but all are important. Most students will be able to meet all these objectives and more. Remember that this list is not comprehensive. That is, this is just an overview so you understand what we will be generally doing in class.
A sampling of cultural objectives follows:
Students are expected·to be punctual (on time) for class. This is a strong U.S. value.
·to be prepared for class (have paper, pencils, books and appropriate handouts on desk).
·to be seated and ready to learn when the bell rings.
·to be attentive and respectful (listen to the speaker, whether teacher or another student).
·to be an active participant (speak when spoken to, and also contribute to class on a volunteer basis, that is, raise your hand without the teacher asking you).
·to participate in cultural celebrations, holidays and school activities.
·to have FUN
A sampling of academic objectives follows:
Students will be able
·to speak English and practice such
1. by interviewing Americans.
2. by participating in pronunciation exercises.
3. by making speeches on a topic of interest to the student.
4. by participating in dialogues (practice exercises).
5. by being engaged in English conversation.
6. by making inquiries (practice exercises).
7. by placing orders via phone (practice exercises).
8. by making requests within the school.
·to practice listening to and comprehending English
1. by understanding responses of interviewees.
2. by taking into account feedback from his/her speeches.
3. by being an attentive audience for class or school speakers.
4. by responding to questions in conversations.
5. by replying to inquiries.
6. by answering questions based on TV or radio broadcasts.
7. by transcribing music lyrics.
8. by listening to audio books.
·to read in English in order
1. to function in daily life (signs, ads, instructions, applications).
2. to understand school life/routine/expectations.
3. to understand the community/world around us (newspapers, magazines).
4. to increase academic success through texts and literature.
5. to increase reading speed and comprehension (Read Naturally).
6. to increase general and academic vocabulary.
·to write English by
1. being able to complete “survival” communications (work and college applications, forms, ads, letters).
2. composing and transmitting e-mail communications.
3. using various academic formats (short answers, essays, book reports, journals, research papers, personal narratives and other types of academic papers).
4. expressing poetic sentiments.
5. practicing newly learned vocabulary.
6. demonstrating note-taking techniques.
7. giving directions and explanations.
·to become laptop savvy
1. by learning word processing programs.
2. by learning a graphics program.
3. by learning the operation of an instructional program.
4. by learning how to use e-mail and the Internet.
5. by learning how to import, size, and edit photos.
·to learn about various cultures in the United States, such as
1. the culture of the school.
2. the history and culture of the community and state.
3. the history and cultures of the country.
4. We will also work to understand key cultural differences and develop an appreciation and respect for all the cultures we interact with and study.
Work at Learning English!
Your ESL CLASS is planned to help YOU learn English as quickly as possible. It is very important that you work quietly on individual workdays so that you can learn English quickly. If the teacher is busy with another student or another person, please begin to work.
You should do one of the following during any period of time when no one is teaching you directly.
1. Read in class. This is the best way to improve reading, vocabulary, and writing.
2. Write a journal entry in class. This is the best way to improve writing.
3. Study new vocabulary. This is the best way to understand more English.
4. Practice speaking IN ENGLISH in class. This is the best way to think quickly in English.
REMEMBER: there should never be any time in class when you are just sitting, waiting for the teacher to begin talking. (save the ‘just sitting’ for when you go home) You should always fill your time with one of the above activities even if you think you only have five minutes.
It is your responsibility to do some sort of English work each day. This is part of your ESL grade, and must be completed.
Try, try, try as hard as you can not to speak your own language in school. It will be the most important factor in your ability to learn English.
REMEMBER: always keep, treasure, and speak your home language with your family. You are very lucky to speak another language well.
REMEMBER: always try to speak English in school.
Speaking your home language in school often makes other people see you as a person who wants to put a fence around yourself and not interact with others outside of your group. Others will feel that you are attempting to include them if you try to speak English.
A NOTE FROM THE EXPERIENCE OF FORMER STUDENTS: Sometimes, ESL students like math, science and art because they are easier to understand and students do well in those subjects. They often spend most of their time studying these subjects because they might need these courses for their college major. But, students who spend more time studying the subjects they already do well in often have to study only English for another year, after high school, because they didn’t study English enough in high school. Don’t let this happen to you. Your priority in high school is English, as long as you are in ESL. Build a strong base now and you won’t have to go back and study only English so that you can be admitted to college.
A writer’s journal is a place to practice writing. It is a place to record ideas and experiment with different ways to express your ideas. Many students in the United States write in journals or diaries each day.
Athletes can’t compete well if they don’t practice each day, and writing is the same way. This journal will be a place for you to write without having to worry about what people think. The more you write, the easier writing will become, even in English.
When you write in your journal, you are writing for yourself, not other people. You may write about topics that interest you, your personal feelings at the time, or you may chose a topic from the list of “Topics for Journal Entries”. You are not writing about anything that needs to be researched, is from a textbook or is re-telling a story from the newspaper or a magazine. Your journal writing is from your head and your heart. Most of each entry should express your feelings, using lots of words that paint a picture for your reader. Please do not write about the weather or the history of your country.
It is important to write in your journal often. It is also important to read your journal entries every few weeks so that you remember what you wrote and so that you read my comments after I’ve collected the journal.
A reading selection is a short reading. It could be a paragraph or a few pages. There are a few types of reading selections for you. Read Live and newspaper articles are great ways for you to practice your English reading. Read Live is a computer-based reading program. Read Live allows you to practice speaking and listening so your English will improve much faster if you concentrate on this program.
Do not forget about the newspaper and magazines, in both paper and electronic form. There are many good articles that you can find that may be of interest to you. Plus, you can learn more about the world in which you live. And work on your reading! What could be better?
Please don’t read the same article or story more than once. Be sure to record the date, the level number, the title (Read Live), the time it took you to read and your score on the quiz. You are almost always welcome to come into the classroom during a study hall and read quietly, not disturbing other students.
The very best and fastest English learners are students who focus on completing a couple of the Read Live readings EVERY week!
It is important to read good literature on a regular basis. If you are in Advanced ESL or Intermediate ESL this year, you will most likely be expected to read at least one novel in English and do a book report each marking period. That’s at least four books this year! You may not choose a book which another student in your class has read for a book report and you may not choose a book that you have already read in your first language, so keep a record of what you’ve read and also check the list on the door for what other students in your class have read.