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Southern Asia, between and China India
Ethnic Groups: Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu & Others
Languages: Nepali (official-spoken by 90% of the population); There are approximately a dozen other languages and about 30 major dialects. Many in government and business also speak English.
is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world. 42% of its population lives below the poverty line. Agriculture is of top priority. It provides a livelihood for over 80% of the population. Nepal economy suffers due to its size, its technological limits, its remoteness, its civil strife, and its susceptibility to natural disaster. Nepal's
Industries: tourism, carpet, textile, (small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills), cigarette, cement and brick production
Agriculture: rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk, water, and buffalo meat
In 1951 the old system of hereditary premiers was replaced with a cabinet system of government. In 1990, a multiparty democracy was established within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. Currently, the king and his appointed cabinet govern
is a hierarchical society. It has a similar caste system to Nepal . Family ties take precedence over individual. Older siblings have authority over younger ones. India
- Women and girls suffer a universally low status making gender discrimination the most serious form of discrimination in
. Women are responsible for household chores and farming and do not socialize in public as much as men. Nepal
- Children from lower castes, refugees, working children and disabled children are also discriminated against. Social attitudes toward disabled people and their families are negative. It is believed that the disability may be contagious, so interaction with these families is discouraged.
- Boys are regarded highly. In fact, land is inherited and divided equally among sons.
- Marriages are mostly arranged by the parents, sometimes with the consent of the marriage partners.
The federal government of
is responsible for the funding and management of local public schools. Because Nepal is such a poor country, spending on education if relatively low. The quality of education, in turn, suffers. This under-funding of schools has meant that families are responsible for paying for their children's textbooks, school supplies, and a portion of school tuition fees. Many families cannot afford these costs. Children also are required to take on household work; therefore, many families refuse to pay these costs. Enrollment and dropout rates are increasing. 26% of eligible students are enrolled in grade 6 to 8, while 16% of eligible students are enrolled in grades 9 to 10. As a result of the poorness of this country, many Nepali families who wish to ensure their children's education are unable to do so. Nepal
Only 6 of
s 75 districts are designated compulsory education districts. Only 37% of primary students complete education up to 13 years. Social attitudes view education for girls as unnecessary. In fact, 40% of Nepali girl children do not attend school. Nepal'
- Due to social attitudes toward disabled people, children from
may be hesitant or even afraid to associate with a child who has a disability. Nepal
- Due to limited formal schooling, students may be shy and in need of attention and comfort.
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